I recently started to learn some OpenGL and was looking for a nice way to use Python for this. I wanted to be able to update the shaders quickly so that I can quickly try out different code. This is one of the results. I was heavily inspired by the live coding video of onomo.jp, in fact I practically copied and adapted his code to get a start:

The ideas and code of Cyrille Rossant was also very helpful, to get a start with OpenGL in Python and IPython:

http://cyrille.rossant.net/2d-graphics-rendering-tutorial-with-pyopengl/

To get a start you can just run my gl_livecode.py script that I also use in the beginning of the video. It is available as gist:

https://gist.github.com/pbouda/5531821

To process the audio I just split the stream in two frequency bins, more or less randomly. I didn’t rely on anything sophisticated but just used what gave the most beautiful visualization in the end. The update function currently looks like this:

```
def move_stuff(self):
a = self.stream.read(chunk)
indata = np.array(wave.struct.unpack("%dh"%(chunk), a))*self.window
fft_data = abs(np.fft.rfft(indata))
total_sum = np.sum(fft_data)
spec_x = np.sum(fft_data[40:100])/(len(fft_data[40:100])*chunk*2048)
spec_y = np.sum(fft_data[250:])/(len(fft_data[250:])*chunk*32)
gl.glUniform2f(self.spec, spec_x, spec_y)
```

You can easily change the move_stuff function while the programm is running, just use something like this in IPython:

```
def move_stuff(self):
a = self.stream.read(chunk)
indata = np.array(wave.struct.unpack("%dh"%(chunk), a))*self.window
fft_data = abs(np.fft.rfft(indata))
total_sum = np.sum(fft_data)
spec_x = np.sum(fft_data[:220])/(len(fft_data[:220])*chunk*2048)
spec_y = np.sum(fft_data[220:])/(len(fft_data[220:])*chunk*32)
gl.glUniform2f(self.spec, spec_x, spec_y)
f_move = types.MethodType(move_stuff, win.widget, GLPlotWidget)
win.widget.move_stuff = f_move
```

This example changes the location and the size of the two frequency bins. To update the fragment shader for example:

```
FS = """#version 330
uniform vec2 resolution;
uniform vec2 spec;
uniform float time;
void main(void) {
vec2 uv = 2.0 * (gl_FragCoord.xy / resolution) - 1.0;
float col = 0.0;
//uv = abs(uv);
for (float i = 1.0; i<23.0; i++) {
uv.y += sin(i*20.0 + spec.x*5.0 + time*6.0 + uv.x*.5) * spec.y*2.5;
col += abs((.5*spec.x)/uv.y) * spec.y;
}
gl_FragColor = vec4(col,col,col,1.0);
}
"""
win.widget.fs = FS
win.widget.link_shaders()
win.widget.get_uniforms()
```

Then iterate. :-) Have fun!

### About me

My name is Peter Bouda and I am a Software Architect and Coach for Web Application Development with more than 20 years of professional experience in web application development. I help you to bring your web product to market as quickly as possible.